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​ILSI disseminates science by publishing articles on original research, literature reviews and gap analyses, and meeting proceedings in peer-reviewed journals. ILSI also publishes books, monographs, white papers, and other reports through ILSI Press.

Nutrition Reviews

Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Tenth Edition

ILSI News: ILSI's Quarterly Newsletter

 

 Publications

 
CHO - Definição de fibra alimentar discussões no Ninth Vahouny Fiber Symposium - Artigo Food Nutr Res 2011
Book 1/1/2010
Uma definição para fibra alimentar foi adotada em junho de 2009 pela Comissão do Codex Alimentarius baseada na recomendação para adoção do Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses (CCNFSDU – Comitê Codex sobre Nutrição e Alimentos para Fins Especiais), em novembro de 2008. A definição listou três categorias de polímeros de carboidratos que não são hidrolisados pelas enzimas endógenas do intestino delgado humano. Entretanto, a definição deixou para as autoridades nacionais a decisão sobre a inclusão de carboidratos com grau de polimerização (GP) entre 3 e 9 e deixou indefinido os “efeitos fisiológicos benéficos à saúde”. Os Comitês sobre Carboidratos Alimentares do ILSI Europa e ILSI América do Norte organizaram um fórum, dentro do Ninth Vahouny Fiber Symposium, em 2010, para discutir essas questões de implementação com o objetivo de construir um consenso científico para resolvê-las. Os resultados dessa sessão são encorajadores e indicaram que a comunidade científica concorda em manter um consenso mundial em relação à inclusão dos carboidratos não disponíveis com GP ≥ 3 como fibra alimentar e uma lista simplificada de efeitos fisiológicos benéficos que fibras alimentares apresentam. Esses resultados estão em consonância com acordos mundiais previamente estabelecidos.
 
A Review of the Epidemiologic Evidence Concerning the Reproductive Health Effects of Caffeine Consumption: A 2000–2009 Update
Journal Article 1/1/2010

This article reviews human studies on caffeine and reproductive health. The weight of evidence does not support a positive relationship between caffeine consumption and adverse reproductive or perinatal outcomes.

 
Added Sugars, Nutrient Intakes, and Grain-Based Foods
Newsletter/Bulletin 1/1/2010

Dietary guidance, around the world, all have similar concerns about added sugar as a potential source of excess calories. This feature article explains added sugars by defining, measuring, and sharing how they are used.

 
Do Specific Dietary Constituents and Supplements Affect Mental Energy? Review of the Evidence
Journal Article 1/1/2010

The strongest evidence suggests effects of Ginkgo biloba on certain aspects of mood and on attention in healthy subjects, as well as associations between omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and reduced risk of age-related cognitive decline. Limitations of the current data and challenges for future research are discussed.

 
Guidance for Assessing the Probiotics Beneficial Effects: How to Fill the GAP (ILSI Europe Publication)
Journal Article 1/1/2010

Based on the existing evidence, concrete examples of demonstration of benefits and gaps are listed in this article, and guidelines and recommendations are defined that should help design the next generation of probiotic studies.

 
Threshold Dose for Peanut: Risk Characterization Based upon Diagnostic Oral Challenge of a Series of 286 Peanut-allergic Individuals
Journal Article 1/1/2010
Clinical records of 286 consecutive patients reacting positively with objective symptoms to double-blind, placebo-controlled oral peanut challenges at University Hospital, Nancy, France were examined for individual No Observed Adverse Effect Levels (NOAELs) and Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Levels (LOAELs).
 
The Tricks Learnt by Human Enteric Pathogens from Phytopathogens to Persist within the Plant Environment.
Journal Article 1/1/2010
Through recent advances in our understanding of microbial:plant interactions it is becoming apparent that human pathogens, principally, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella are adapted to survive in the plant environment. The aforementioned pathogens have surface epitopes that can bind to plant structures such as stomata to aid attachment.
 
Comparison of Virulence of Three Strains of Cronobacter sakazakii in Neonatal CD-1 Mice
Journal Article 1/1/2010
The study objective was to compare the virulence of three strains of C. sakazakii in neonatal CD-1 mice. Our findings suggest that invasiveness does not necessarily correlate with mortality among different strains of C. sakazakii, and the clinical isolates are more virulent than the food isolate.
 
Selection and Characterization of DNA Aptamers with Binding Selectivity to Campylobacter jejuni using Whole-Cell SELEX
Journal Article 1/1/2010

Identify DNA aptamers demonstrating binding specificity to Campylobacter jejuni cells, a whole-cell Systemic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX) method was applied to a combinatorial library of FAM-labeled single-stranded DNA molecules. Whole-cell SELEX is a promising technique to design aptamer-based molecular probes for microbial pathogens without tedious isolation and purification of complex markers or targets.

 

 
Persistence of Human Noroviruses on Food Preparation Surfaces and Human Hands
Journal Article 1/1/2010
This study examines the persistence of representative human noroviruses on the fingertips of volunteers and on commonly used food preparation surfaces.

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