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​ILSI disseminates science by publishing articles on original research, literature reviews and gap analyses, and meeting proceedings in peer-reviewed journals. ILSI also publishes books, monographs, white papers, and other reports through ILSI Press.

Nutrition Reviews

Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Tenth Edition

ILSI News: ILSI's Quarterly Newsletter



Symposium on Biotechnology and Nutritionally Enhanced Food and Crops
Report/White Paper 1/1/2009

The report provides an overview of the nutritional status and food security in Asia; social impact, communication and consumer understanding of genetically modified (GM) crops; safety regulation of GM crops in Asia; biosafety and risk assessment; as well as development of biotech crops in Asia.

Special Report on Symposium on Diet, Nutrition and Immunity
Journal Article 1/1/2009

The symposium report reviews the development of the immune system particularly in infancy, as well as the role of diet, exercise and aging on immunocompetence. Also discussed are the importance of specific nutrients on enhancing immunity and the significance of maintaining a healthy microbiota in the gut leading to the concept of pro- and pre-biotics.

Problem Formulation in the Environmental Risk Assessment for Genetically Modified Plants
Journal Article 1/1/2009
A Report from an Expert Consultation published in Transgenic Research.
Problem Formulation in Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Crops: A Brazilian Workshop
Report/White Paper 1/1/2009
Workshop summary.
Functional Foods in Europe - International Developments in Science and Health Claims
Proceedings 1/1/2009
Selected proceedings of an International Symposium held on 9-11 May 2007 in Portomaso, Malta
Sensitivity to Change in Cognitive Performance and Mood of Energy and Fatigue in Response to Differing Doses of Caffeine or Breakfast
Journal Article 1/1/2009

The mood and cognitive measurers of mental energy used in this investigation have similar sensitivity for detecting change in response to a small and moderate dose of caffeine and breakfast. 

This double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subjects (N=18) experiment compared the sensitivity to change of cognitive performance and mood measures of mental energy following consumption of either 100 or 200-mg caffeine or a 440-calorie breakfast. Breakfast and 200-mg caffeine improved mood and cognitive performance. The sensitivity to change of the measures did not differ in response to any treatment (all p values> .05).

Sensitivity to Change in Cognitive Performance and Mood Measures of Energy and Fatigue in Response to Morning Caffeine Alone or in Combination with Carbohydrate
Journal Article 1/1/2009
This double-blind, placedbo-controlled, within-subjects (N=17) experitment compared the sensitivity to change o fthe cognitive performance and mood measures of mental energy following consumption of either a moderate does ofcaffeine (200 mg), a small amount of carbohydrate (50 g white bread), or both. Caffeine improved mood and performance. The sensitivity to change of the mood and cognitive measures did not differ in response to the three treatments (all p values> .05). The mood and cognitive measures of mental energy used here have similar sensitivity to detecting change in response to caffeine and carbohydrate.
Refining the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for Risk Prioritization of Trace Chemicals in Food
Journal Article 1/1/2009
This paper builds on the existing TTC literature and recommends refinements that address two key areas: the inclusion of genotoxicity and duration of exposure.
Functional Foods for Health Promotion: Microbes and Health
Journal Article 1/1/2009
This set of expanded abstracts includes a general introduction and overview of how diet or dietary components can influence microbial growth and, ultimately, disease risk and overall health. Additional information is provided about how the food supply can set the landscape for gene expression in microbes and, ultimately, their influence on health (with some comments on how microbes might contribute to the obesity epidemic), child health and infections, role of microbes in cancer prevention, and effects of foods and their bioactive constituents as modifiers of microbes in the oral cavity.
Towards Establishing Dietary Reference Intakes for Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acids (DHA)
Journal Article 1/1/2009
This paper summarizes a workshop sponsored by the Dietary Lipids Committee that presented the current scientific understanding of the impact of dietary EPA and DHA on cardiovascular,neurocognitive, and cancer outcomes. An expert panel concluded that consistent evidence support a dietary reference intake of 250-500 mg per day for the reduction of fatal coronary heart disease risk and that additional data are needed to determine the impact of these fatty acids on other health outcomes. The abstract is accessible at the journal's webiste (, reprints may be requested from Courtney Kelly McComber (​)​.